Elma Alp, Vorsäß
In the Bregenzerwald region livestock grazes in seasonal cycles. This tradition gave rise to the “Vorsäß”, an alpine small holding at around 1000 m. Alpine farmers always had small herds, and as a result, the Vorsäß chalets were typically very small and modestly equipped for short stays. Simplicity is one of the central features of these Alpine structures, and their pure and natural atmosphere makes them popular holiday homes.
»In its form the house leans towards the traditional design style, but look closer and you can see modernity. It is there in the reinterpretation of individual details, such as the window and the introduction of sliding shutters and the generous glazing in the living area.«
Univ.-Prof. Arch. DI Hermann Kaufmann
When building the chalet on Elma, we sought to capture the special atmosphere. We used only timber as the building material, minimised the proportions of the spaces, and introduced a stripped-down floor plan, which is centre around the fireplace that creates the heart of the home. The building has no thermal insulation and is made of solid beams. The roof structure is also composed of solid boards. Inspired by traditional forms, the house also boasts newly interpreted details including horizontal sliding windows, ample glazing in the living room and an open cross-section, in line with modern standards of living.
The ground floor and the common area are built with vertically arranged timber studs, so as to avoid interference with the backfilling, which could damage the sliding windows. The upper floor, where the bedrooms are located, is made of horizontal beams, with modern edge joints, finished with CNC milled blind dovetails. The dovetail joints allow for the beams to interlock without gaps. Consequently, the end grain is not exposed to weathering. Spotless surfaces were not a priority; therefore no varnish, coating or tiling is used. From the ridge-beam to the furniture, everything is made of locally sourced, untreated solid wood.
n.b.ar. 175 m², GFA 172 m²,
GBV 360 m³
Text Otto Kapfinger "Hermann Kaufmann Wood Works"
Photo Bruno Klomfar
- Elma Alp – Sustainable Building
ZN B-049, Gianluca Minguzzi, Architettura sostenibile, S. 21-26
- Ferienhaus Elma Alp
ZN B-059, Fassaden aus Holz, S. 128-131